Psychology is the study of the different mental processes as well as the behavior of people. This field of science involves a lot of research and its main aim is to understand people whether individual or in groups in order to find out ways to make the society better. Because psychology deals with behavior and thoughts, it naturally covers a wide variety of subfields. Here are the most common among the different types of psychology:
1. Clinical Psychology
– Although similar with the other different types of psychology, which involves studies and research, the goal of clinical psychology is more of treating people with behavioral problems and mental dysfunctions. These problems include emotional stresses or abnormal coping mechanisms, ranging from minor conditions to severe mental and psychological disorders.
2. Biological Psychology
– This subfield of psychology studies the correlation between biological and physiological responses and behaviors and emotions. The utmost importance in this study is the brain and the nervous system because they can affect one’s behavior as well as how one reacts to situations.
3. Comparative Psychology
– The different types of psychology is typically concerned with humans, but comparative psychology aims to study behavioral and cognitive processes of animals. These studies are said to help in further understanding human psychology.
4. Social Psychology
– This deals with how people relate with others, how they interact, how they influence each other and how they think about each other.
5. Developmental Psychology
– As people go through the phases of life, from infancy to adolescence to adulthood to old age, they will also go through different mental processes and behavioral developments. This type of psychology aims to understand how people in each stage of life thinks, reacts and feels.
6. Personality Psychology
– This studies individuals and the thoughts and emotions and behaviors of each. It also studies the differences between individuals to show that each person has his own “individuality” while also exploring the concept of “human nature” showing how people are alike.
7. Forensic Psychology
– This is a combination of psychology and the law particularly the criminal justice system. The aim of this is to be able to state psychological findings into something that is understood by the legal system. Forensic psychology is used a lot in courts today, such as helping to determine a defendant’s sanity or whether psychological treatment is recommended or not.
8. Industrial and Organizational Psychology
– This type of psychology aims to help people in the workplace. It studies different strategies and concepts to make workers perform to their highest capacity and efficacy. It includes motivational concepts, studies on work environments and different management styles.
By no means is this the end of the list of the different types of psychology. There are many different types or subfields that have been created. The ones presented here are among the common ones.
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